Welcome, Bienvenido, Bem vindo, Tapeguahe porã!

Thank you for visiting my website. Here you will find information about my research and teaching. Please take a look around.

I try to keep this space updated, but cannot always do so. That said, feel free to contact me with questions or potential collaborations.


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My research seeks to understand how extra-local political and economic processes—like international Indigenous rights mechanisms, environmental laws, and global commodity production and exchange—influence local struggles for social and environmental justice. I am particularly interested in the uneven effects of these processes on human-environment relations and changing notions of justice across space, time, and scale.

Ethnographic research in collaboration with community partners drives my investigations about Indigenous rights, land conflicts, socio-environmental (in)justice, and law in the context of development in Latin America, with a focus on human rights. I am also starting to experiment with the use of drones, Q-method, and critical phyiscal geography as ways to complement thinking with critical social theory and ethnography.

While I hold a Ph.D. in Geography, my training is thoroughly interdisciplinary and draws from political ecology, critical development studies, cultural geography, and applied anthropology. For publications, please visit my Academia.edu page.

Students interested in these issues should feel welcome to contact me about research opportunities or pursuing graduate education at University of Florida. I also welcome inquiries about collaborative and/or public research from other academics or community organizations working on related topics.

Four Intersecting areas animate much of my current research:

1. Indigeneity, Environmental Justice & Land politics

I have been researching how agrarian development, environmental change, and law create new territorial orders, governable spaces, and contradictory political possibilities for Enxet-Sur and Sanapana peoples in Paraguay since 2013. Settler colonialism predicated on cattle ranching, timber extraction, and exploiting Indigneous labor radically transformed the humid “Bajo Chaco” of Paraguay, creating racialized social and biophysical ecologies. Within this context, Enxet-Sur and Sanapana Indigenous communities have long struggled to reclaim portions of their ancestral territories, rejecting dispossession as an endpoint but instead leveraging it as a political tool that has transformed the Paraguayan state.

Through critical ethnography, action research, and partnerships with affected community members and their legal counsel, this project seeks to understand the how different actors navigate life in the gap between de jure and de facto rights and rework spaces of dispossession to drive social-environmental justice. Conducted via ethnographic field research employing counter-mapping, extensive archival research, 150 interviews, and participatory methods, primarily between 2013-2017, this research focused on the politics of implementing Inter-American Court of Human Rights decisions in favor of territorial restitution for Indigenous communities in the Paraguayan Chaco. My book project, Disrupting the Partón: Indigeneity, racial capitalism, and land politics in Paraguay’s Chaco, is based on this research.

2. Resource rule, Social-environmental change, Rupture & territorialities

Trained at the intersection of political ecology, Science Studies, and critical social theory, I have a keen interest in resource politics, environmental change, (more-than-human) territorialities, and violence. My scholarship investigates the work done by the human/environment or nature/culture bifurcation with attention to the relationships between binary logics and the production of inequality, broadly construed.

What are the ramifications of how different groups know ‘nature’ or ‘the environment’? How do such positionings shape scientific method, field research, and the production of social-environmental knowlege? How do growing debates (both academic and public) about climate change and the Anthropocence challenge the purported human/nature divide and with what potential ramifications on social imaginaries or the practice of science? How has the bifurcation of humans from nature been used to reproduce systems of discrimination, broadly construed?

Much of my research is attentive to these issues, investigating how they are manifest through agro-export oriented development, radical environmental change, and state-society relations in Latin America. Recently, I have been thinking about how development imperatives promoting land-extensive genetically-modified soybean production and cattle ranching establish landscapes that promote the destruction of life rather than foster the abundance of life, drawing into question state formation and social vulnerability in frontier spaces.

Fresh deforestation in Paraguay’s Chaco to establish new pasture lands for cattle.
Drone imagery from June 2019.

3. Settler colonialism, Legal Geographies & Racial capitalism

Ranches that enclosed Indigenous communities in the Bajo Chaco of Paraguay in the 1970s. Image source, Powell (2009), “Y Entonces llegó un inglés.”

Currently updating this text, will post in the coming days.

4. Collaborative Action research & Public Scholarship

New frontiers of extractivism and Indigenous environmental justice in the Gran Chaco (Paraguay, Bolivia, and Argentina) is the focus of my new study. The study investigates how mega development projects expanding the frontiers of resource extraction (and speculation about these resources) for natural gas, new varieties of genetically modified soy, and cattle production intersect with Indigneous territorial goverance and environmental justice. Preliminary field research to build new relationships, scope potential research sites, and test new methods took place in June-July 2019. The study is an inter-disciplinary collaboration with members of Indigenous communities, scholars, and civil society organizations that draws from Indigenous research methodologies and a committment to public scholarship.

I look forward to creating opportunities for interested students to get involved in this project.

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feel free to contact me via my University of Florida email address: joel.correia@latam.ufl.edu.

Or follow me on Twitter @JoelECorreia

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